عنوان مقاله [English]
The mining industry and related disciplines play an important role in economic and social components of sustainable development (SD) by generating employment and wealth. However, in regard to the environmental component there are a few criticisms. Also, by taking the growth in demand for mineral resources into account the mining industry is facing some challenges, e.g. minerals and metals recycling, conservation of environment and the social related issues. Mining industry needs to design convenient management tools for the protection of environment in order to continue ply its vital role, using clean technologies and also by training the required workforce. In fact sustainable development in mining industry helps to achieve economic and social progress in country. In developing countries, in particular Iran that benefits from the existence of diverse mineral resources, if SD principals is not considered the industry not only will face problems in its progress but also encounter several social and economic difficulties. In the present study, the main goals are focused on the mining industry and mineral resources roles in SD and the challenges of mining and mineral industry to reach a sustainable status are discussed. Furthermore, some mines that have been faced to SD challenges are investigated as case studies. Finally, a general framework for companies that pursue sustainable activity is presented.
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