عنوان مقاله [English]
Rocks are usually exposed to freeze-thaw and/or heating-cooling conditions in many environments. In cold regions, rocks are affected by long-time freeze and several freeze-thaw cycles. In addition, rocks are exposed to significant heat in some cases, such as explosions and fires; they are then cooled down due to fire extinguishing or cold ventilation and a heating-cooling- process occurs. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effects of these processes on the physical and mechanical properties of rocks, including permeability. In this research, sandstone specimens of Lushan area were applied to investigate the impact of number of freeze-thaw cycles and the effect of temperature in the heating-cooling process on sandstone permeability. The freezing temperature of -16°C was considered to study the effect of number of cycles. In this state, the tests were carried out on the specimens withstood 1, 5, 10, and 20 freeze-thaw cycles. To study the effect of heating-cooling, the tests were conducted on the specimens that withstood one heating-cooling cycle. The specimens withstood temperatures of 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1000 °C at the heating process and then cooled in the laboratory environment. Results indicated that permeability rate was reduced after one cycle of freeze-thaw cycles the reduction continued to 5 cycles; although, permeability reduction was negligible from cycle 1 to cycle 5. Permeability increased slightly in 10 cycles and the increase was significant in 20 cycles. Sandstone permeability was reduced up to 100 °C and then was increased with the temperature increasing at the heating-cooling process. Permeability changes in the heating-cooling process were consistent with the variations of velocity of longitudinal waves, dry unit weight, and effective porosity. CT scan images were used to examine permeability changes in the heating-cooling process and the CT value calculated by the images confirms the permeability variations.
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